Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Modern technology has allowed many individuals to undergo minimally invasive spine surgery rather than traditional open surgery for various spinal conditions. Minimally invasive surgeries present fewer risks and lead to a shorter recovery with less tissue damage and postoperative discomfort. With a minimally invasive approach, individuals who need surgery can achieve relief from symptoms with fewer risks of discomfort, blood loss, and complications.

Why Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

  • Symptoms are interfering with the quality of your daily life
  • Symptoms have become more obvious or are worsening over time
  • You are experiencing neurological symptoms from your spinal problems
  • Nonsurgical treatments have so far been ineffective
  • You are concerned about the risks, pain, and length of recovery after traditional open spine surgery
  • Candidates

  • Surgery Options

  • The Procedure

  • Advantages


Candidates for minimally invasive spine surgery may have conditions such as:

  • Herniated disc
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Lumbar stenosis
  • Cervical stenosis
  • Spondylolisthesis (slipped disc)
  • Spinal deformities (such as scoliosis) or instability
  • Injured or fractured vertebra
  • Spinal tumor or infection

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is not a candidate for a minimally invasive spine surgery?

Some candidates will not be able to undergo minimally invasive surgery. Candidates with previous prior surgeries, some deformities, or high grade spondylolisthesis may not qualify. If you do not qualify for minimally invasive spine surgery, your surgeon will help you determine what the best course of treatment will be to help you experience relief from your symptoms.

What are the risks of minimally invasive spine surgery? 

All relevant risks and potential benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery will be discussed with you in clinic before your procedure.

What is recovery like after a minimally invasive spine surgery?

Minimally invasive spine surgery recovery varies depending on the procedure you undergo. Patients may be discharged the same day or one to two days after the surgery. Most patients will feel able to get up and move around the night after their surgery, although they may need a brace, crutches, or walker. In many cases, patients notice immediate improvement in pain levels following surgery. Any postoperative pain is usually short-term and can be alleviated with pain medications. Modified activities will be necessary for several days and up to several weeks, with some patients needing a brace and/or walking aid. Physical therapy is often recommended to help with healing and speed recovery. In most cases, patients can resume most normal daily activities within two months after minimally invasive spine surgery.